When I was a kid, one of my teachers commented on the planned building of a new high school in Tulsa. He said what a stupid move it was and predicted that the school would close in a few years due to lack of students. For some reason, his words stuck with me, unlike his instructions on how to diagram a complex sentence.
Sure enough, Charles Mason High School closed its doors in 1979, a mere 5 years after opening, due to shrinking enrollments that had been forecast years before. Thanks Mr. Kennedy for my first lesson in demographics: the study of big things that are likely to happen but people don’t worry about too much until it’s too late because they take so long to play out and the costs are so hard to pin down. Kind of like run-on sentences that cannot be easily diagrammed.
Last month the government released its provisional (99.9% complete) report for 2017 births. In case you missed it, no worries. It didn’t dominate the headlines like the tax bill. Here are a few key findings from the “births” report:
- We hit a 30-year low in the number of births in the U.S. – 3.85 million. The last time we had this low of a number was 1987 when births were going up. We have been in a downward trend since the 2008 meltdown.
- The fertility rate came in at 60.2 births per 1000 women (aged 15-49). This is a big drop from 2016 and, as you can see in the chart below, it’s never been this low.
- Only women in their 40s are having more children than in years past. If nothing else, these parents may stay in the workforce longer –whether they want to or not.
- Life expectancies dropped for 2 years straight (2015 and 2016).
- The reason for the drop was the increased death rates for people age 15-64, especially for males. (If you make it to age 65, chances are you are living longer.)
- The prime household formation age group of 25-34 posted the largest increase in death rates in 2016, up 11%.
- The reason for the jump in early deaths? Unintentional injuries. This category includes death by poisoning (opioids) – no longer a “statistic” affecting a few poor souls in a distant community. It is now the third leading cause of death in our nation and the one that showed the biggest increase out of the top ten causes. And according to this website, it is the leading cause of death for the 25-34 age group. For an historical perspective on death by poison (by county), click through the pages here.
Births could certainly rebound but I worry that this may be increasingly harder to accomplish given that deaths in the prime household formation years are rising sharply. We could sit around in the summer heat squabbling over the inability to fully deduct state and local taxes (grrr!). But until we get a handle on these negative birth-death trends, I think demographics could have a much greater impact on our ability to resume sustained strong economic growth.
The summer heat has started early. Stay hydrated and cool.
U.S. equities posted positive returns for May. Small- and mid-cap stocks were strongest while real estate equities had a nice bounce after what has been a run of poor returns. International stocks were generally down for the month. Fears surrounding the attempts at forming an Italian government rattled European markets in particular. Fixed income investments posted positive returns for the month due to a slight decline in intermediate- and long-term rates.